By Bryony Smart, PTK Botanist, with some information from Somdy Oudomsack, PTK Head Gardener. According to the second version, the more popular one, it was during the Spanish-American war that Santol got its name. The diseases can be divided into foliar, fruit, stem and soil-borne diseases. [15], Mangosteen trees have a weak root system and prefer deep, well drained soils with high moisture content, often growing on riverbanks. [13] Especially in nurseries, the larval stage of the leaf eater can cause visible damage on young leaves, but can be managed by biological control agents. scientific name of human, dog, cat, mango, apple and santol? Plant family: Meliaceae. Woof poultice is used for ringworm. Using the hardness of the rind as an indicator of freshness for the first two weeks following harvest is therefore unreliable because the rind does not accurately reveal the interior condition of the flesh. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. [2][13] If allowed to dry, a seed dies quickly, but if soaked, seed germination takes between 14 and 21 days when the plant can be kept in a nursery for about 2 years growing in a small pot. [19], Once the developing mangosteen fruit has stopped expanding, chlorophyll synthesis slows as the next colour phase begins. This entire process takes place over a period of ten days as the edible quality of the fruit peaks. Highly valued for its juicy, delicate texture and slightly sweet and sour flavour, the mangosteen has been cultivated in Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra, Mainland Southeast Asia, and the Philippines since ancient times. If in the Indonesia called the harp, Sentul or wild mangosteen. Sour roots, bruised with vinegar and water, are a carminative is used for diarrhea and dysentery. 17. [6][7] Seeds are almond-shaped and -sized. MacLeod AJ, Pieris NM. [2][11][13] As seed formation involves no sexual fertilization, the seedling is genetically identical to the mother plant. It is native to Southeast Asia where it is called gratawn (กระท้อน) in Thai, kompem reach in Khmer, tong in Lao and donka in Sinhalese.. Scientific name: Sandoricum koetjape This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 01:05. Download Santol tree stock photos. ISSN (Online): 2455-3662 ... Common Name: Santol Leaves Swelling III . Santol tree bears rounded and globular Fruit which is known in other names as Lolly fruit, Sayai, and wild mangosteen. Various parts of the plant have a history of use in traditional medicine, mostly in Southeast Asia; it may have been used to treat skin infections, wounds, dysentery, urinary tract infections, and gastrointestinal complaints,[2][27] although there is no high-quality clinical evidence for any of these effects. Sandoricum koetjape, Santol, Meliaceae, limonoids, ethyl acetate extract, 2-acyloxysandoricin: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.677.6: Abstract: Chemical investigation of the ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape Merr. (Meliaceae), commonly known as Santol (locally called "Kra-tond"), is a medium-sized fruit tree native to southeast Asia. [11] The number of fruit segments corresponds exactly with the number of stigma lobes on the exterior apex;[2][11] accordingly, a higher number of fleshy segments also corresponds with the fewest seeds. [20] The main volatile components having caramel, grass and butter notes as part of the mangosteen fragrance are hexyl acetate, hexenol and α-copaene. [2] There is no reliable evidence that mangosteen juice, puree, bark or extracts is effective as a treatment for human diseases. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. [28][29], The extract of mangosteen peels are traditionally used in Indonesia as the source of natural dye for textile colouring; to acquire brown, dark brown, purple to red hues, especially applied in traditional tenun ikat and batik textiles.[30]. Santol in Syrup. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Santol. 0 0 1. In Europe and Africa, the dried pulp is an astringent; and the leaves for rashes, sweating and when powdered, for ringworm. [2][13] Because young trees need shade,[2][14] intercropping with banana, plantain, rambutan, durian or coconut leaves is effective. Gratorn fruit, Santol Varieties There are two general types of santol: the Yellow (formerly S. indicum or S. nervosum); and the Red (formerly S. koetjape). These fruit are round and approximately the size of a small apple. [11], The edible endocarp of the mangosteen has the same shape and size as a tangerine 4–6 cm (1 1⁄2–2 1⁄2 in) in diameter, but is white. f.) Merr. Mangosteen may also refer to the entire genus, Mangosteen fruit exterior and in cross-section, Mangosteen peels and thread dyed with mangosteen-based dye. Wiki User Answered . The pulps can also be made into syrups, jam and even liquors. [2][13], Mangosteen produces a recalcitrant seed which is not a true seed strictly defined, but rather described as a nucellar asexual embryo. They are known to recover from brief cold spells rather well, often with damage only to young growth. [18] Furthermore, the pathogen causes the fruits to rot before and after the harvest. Names of Santol in various languages of the world are also given. In South-East Asia, mangosteen is commonly known as the "Queen of Fruit", and is frequently paired with durian, the "King of Fruit". Colour changes and softening of the exocarp are natural processes of ripening that indicates the fruit can be eaten and the seeds have finished developing. Santol Fruit or (Sandoricum koetjape) and also known as Lolly fruit, Sayai, Visayan, and Wild Mangosteen is a fruit from indochina including the Philippines. "S. indicum" and "S. nervosum") is a tropical fruit grown in southeast Asia. Santol Health Benefits 17 HEALTH BENEFITS OF SANTOL The santol fruit or cotton fruit (scientific name: Sandoricum koetjape) is a tropical fruit common in Southeast Asia. If you come to visit the garden in the next month you’ll spot them in a few places – look out for the large quantities of fallen fruit. They are listed as vulnerable by IUCN. You can eat them just like that, you can combine in in salads like the Thai people. Asked by Wiki User. To open a mangosteen, the shell can be scored with a knife, pried gently along the score with the thumbs until it cracks, and then pulled apart to reveal the fruit. The plant is crowned by deeply lobed leaves, sometimes 60 cm (2 feet) across, borne on hollow petioles (leaf stalks) 60 cm long. They have a self-supporting growth form. Jeniang, Kedah, Malaysia. Scientific Name:Sandoricum koetjape. Several parts of the santol plant have anti-inflammatory properties. The bole, which is sometimes straight but often crooked or fluted, is branchless for up to 18 metres; has a diameter up to 100 cm; and buttresses up to 3 metres high[ Consume it as it is or includes it any dish, the Santol Fruit will never fail to amaze you with its combine sweet and sour taste. The difference is in the colour that the older leaves turn before falling. The santol fruit has many names according to their respective regions. [5][13] It is mainly grown by smallholders and sold at fruit stalls by roadsides. The scientific name of the santol include Melia koetjape Burm. People from Indochina, Malaysia, Indonesia and Sri Lanka use the plant as traditional medicine. Woof poultice is used for ringworm. A web page providing general knowledge on scientific names of common plants, fruits, vegetables and some common trees including scientific name of mehndi, pudina, ginger, turmeric, grains and cereals. Datasheet Type(s): Host Plant, Exclude from ISC. 12 S. koetjape (Burm. If the ambient humidity is high, exocarp hardening may take a week or longer when the flesh quality is peaking and excellent for consumption. [2] As a non-climacteric fruit, a picked mangosteen does not ripen further, so must be consumed shortly after harvest.[1][11]. 20 Trunk and bark, Ulumalu Haiku, Maui, Hawai'i Fig. Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. If the exocarp is soft and yielding as it is when ripe and fresh from the tree, the fruit is usually good. 11 Fruit habit Fig. [14] The mangosteen is not adapted to limestone soils, sandy, alluvial soils or sandy soils with low organic matter content. [15][16] Mangosteen trees need a well distributed rainfall over the year (<40 mm/month) and a 3–5 week dry season. Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana), also known as the purple mangosteen,[1] is a tropical evergreen tree with edible fruit native to island nations of Southeast Asia and Thailand. The scientific name of santol is Sandoricum koetjape. Scientific Name:Sandoricum koetjape Uses of Santol fruit Folkloric Decoction or mixture of Santol leaves are used for baths to reduce fever. They produce many small, fragrant yellow-green flowers that then become golden yellow fruit from June – August. [2] The fruit of the mangosteen is sweet and tangy, juicy, somewhat fibrous, with fluid-filled vesicles (like the flesh of citrus fruits), with an inedible, deep reddish-purple colored rind (exocarp) when ripe. It is a huge source of Vitamin C.. One hundered grams of the berries is equal to 150 mgs of Vitamin C. We already know that this vitamin helps to prevent flu and colds, has strong antioxidants, and even works to improve some types of cardiovascular disease. [2][13] Vegetative propagation is difficult and seedlings are more robust and reach fruiting earlier than vegetative propagated plants. During this period, the fruit increases in size until its exocarp is 6–8 cm (2 1⁄2–3 in) in outside diameter, remaining hard until a final, abrupt ripening stage. They have compound, broad leaves. Avocado, fruit of Persea americana of the family Lauraceae, cultivated for its buttery consistency and nutty flavor. 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