• Private William Fuller of 2nd Welch Regiment won his VC for rescuing his wounded officer, Captain Mark Haggard, carrying him back a mile to a dressing station. In an acknowledgement of the difficulty created for the British by the preponderance of heavy German artillery and the care with which it was positioned, French directed that the 60 pounders, the heaviest guns widely available to the BEF and significantly smaller than the Germans’ heavy howitzers, should seek out the German batteries in turn with their gunfire. C Company drove them clean out. The 6th Brigade and the remaining units of the 5th Brigade were able to achieve little, other than to hang onto the positions they were in. The sugar factory near Troyon remained in German hands. Cameron Highlanders advancing to the Aisne (photo by Captain Harry Baird, ADC to General Haig): Battle of the Aisne, 10th to 13th September 1914 in the First World War. The massive surprise attack (named Blücher-Yorck after two Prussian generals of the Napoleonic Wars) lasted from 27 May until 6 June 1918 and was the first full-scale German offensive following the Lys Offensivein Flanders in April. “As there is only one road by which the whole 1st Division can push on, it takes some time and we get orders not to move to 9am. During the evening the German units from the 1st Army that were still south of the Aisne withdrew across the river. Times History of the Great War In fact over the next few days the main attacks were carried out by the Germans. From the 15th September 1914 trench warfare became established on the Aisne front, as both sides entrenched. We then spent the night in trenching our position, and at dawn a force of enemy was seen advancing. The horrors of attacking up the slopes of folds towards the Chemin des Dames ridge and then of determined German counter attacks typifies the Aisne of 1914. Vendresse church tower can be seen behind the cemetery. The battle of Aisne was a allied offensive against the right wing of the German 1st army. The CO asked the Welsh Regiment to deal with this, which it did. Aged 33. 1st and 2nd Cavalry Brigades: west of Chavonne to the mill. German infantry in positions along the canal held the cavalry in check, until infantry support from the 1st Division of the BEF’s I Corps came up. The 14th and 15th Brigades reformed and entrenched along a line from St Marguerites to beyond Missy. 3rd Division (II Corps): from the mill to a point on the Aisne to the west of Vailly. At the same time the division’s 14th Brigade with 121st Battery RFA escorted 17th Company Royal Engineers to a site called ‘Moulin des Roches’ between Missy and Venizel, where the Royal Engineers spent some hours constructing a raft to cross the Aisne. • During this period most of the regiments exhausted their supplies of reservists and began to incorporate soldiers from the Special Reserve, the old Militia, into their ranks. The day began in some confusion for the BEF, the bad weather and spasmodic fighting causing units to become muddled. The babtle of Aisne began on the 13th September 1914. This was frustrated by the additional entrenchments dug by the Germans and the heavy artillery bombardment put down by the Germans on the assaulting troops. 4th (Guards) Brigade passing French cuirassiers (photo by Captain Harry Baird, ADC to General Haig): Battle of the Aisne, 10th to 13th September 1914 in the First World War. These troops were finding the fighting extremely difficult. References for the Battle of the Aisne: Battle of the Aisne The battle, fought from 10th to 13th September 1914 in the First World War, that saw the end of mobility and the beginning of four years of trench warfare on the Western Front 1st West Yorkshire Regiment in action at the Battle of the Aisne, 10th to 13th September … Here the battle raged back and forth for the rest of the day, with reinforcing units pushed into the line as and where they were needed. However there was uncertainty on the British and French side as to whether the Germans intended to stand and fortify the line of the Aisne, or whether this was a strong rearguard action before a further retreat. Our guns opened on them at 1800 yards, and one can see a nasty sight through one’s glasses. Based on extracts from the Regimental Chronicles of The Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry Vol 24 1914-1915 On the night of the 12th the opposing forces were within the Aisne area, but it was not until the 13th that the British crossed the river. 1st Berks reached the lower part of the Chemin des Dames beyond Braye, but were halted there by the German fire. German infantry positioned in a ditch: Battle of the Aisne, 10th to 13th September 1914 in the First World War. The brigade then extended its hold on the ridge westwards by around 3 miles, to a position short of the village of Crouy. The operational orders for 4th Division on the 14th September required its brigades to continue the attack to the north. The guns were forced to march to Pont Arcy, some five miles to the east, under fire on several occasions, and cross there. These 12 were of D Company, and apparently surrendered. 2nd Connaught Rangers of 6th Brigade moved up onto the heights around la Cour de Soupir, to secure the area for the Guards. in September 1914. Review of “A Lancashire Fusilier’s First World War”. A wooden girder bridge was built in Soissons and handed to the French. Captain Wright Royal Engineers awarded the Victoria Cross for his conduct at Mons and the Aisne. Uniforms and equipment: See this section in the ‘Battle of Mons’. Later on the enemy’s guns enfiladed us. The massive surprise attack (named Blücher-Yorck after two Prussian generals of the Napoleonic Wars) lasted from 27 May until 4 June 1918 and was the first full-scale German offensive following the Lys Offensive in Flanders in April. German heavy howitzer dragged into position during the Battle of the Aisne, 10th to 13th September 1914 in the First World War. Vernon mercifully and miraculously not killed. German entrenched position during the Battle of the Aisne, 10th to 13th September 1914 in the First World War. The 15th Brigade crossed the Aisne by the railway bridge and reached St Marguerite early on 14th September. During the night the Royal Engineers worked to establish two new crossings at Vailly and begin work on the badly damaged bridge at Missy. 19th Brigade (II Corps reserve) at Septmonts. In view of von Kluck’s error in advancing to the south-east prior to the Battle of the Marne, thereby giving the BEF and the French 5th Army the opportunity to attack him in the flank, he was nominally subordinated to von Bülow for the German stand on the Aisne. No infantry reserves were available. 2nd Division (I Corps): Beaulne to Chavonne. The 4th (Guards) Brigade was due to come up on the left of the division, but was delayed. First Battle of the Aisne The First Battle of the Aisne (French: 1re Bataille de l'Aisne) was the Allied follow-up offensive against the right wing of the German First Army (led by Alexander von Kluck) and the Second Army (led by Karl von Bülow) as they retreated after the First Battle of … “I have never spent and imagine that I can never spend a more ghastly and heart-tearing 48 hours than the last. The positions of the various BEF formations at the end of the 14th September 1914 were: I refused to spend another night sitting up and say so plainly. There was then a 5 mile gap to the 8th and 9th Brigades at Vauxelles. The divisional commander ordered the 7th Brigade, still on the south bank of the Aisne, to support the 8th Brigade. The flanks of the 4th (Guards) Brigade of I Corps and 9th Brigade of II Corps were in the air. Several parties of German troops tried to surrender but were fired on by their own side and consequently by British troops as well. 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