Get The Mughal Empire, History Chapter Notes, Questions & Answers, Video Lessons, Practice Test and more for CBSE Class 10 at TopperLearning. Akbar was curious about Christianity and the first Jesuit mission reached the Mughal Court at Fatehpur Sikri in 1580. He allowed his Hindu wives to worship their own gods. The monarchs of the Mughal Empire considered themselves as legitimate rulers of vast Indian sub-continent. The famous chronicles are Akbar Nama, Shahjahan Nama and Alamgir Nama. He is considered greatest monarchs of India. 1563 – Akbar abolished the pilgrimage tax. All Mughal government officials held rank with two designation—zat and sawar. Only the main points from the chapters are compiled below. However, the new religion did not became popular. Though the Ranas of Mewar remained defiantto Muslim rule. The Mughal Empire 1 2. He defeated the Shia Sultans of Bijapur, Golconda eliminatng the Kutb Shahi dynasty. Akbar did not only consolidate his empire but also made it one of the strongest empires of his time. Later, it was revised by Sadullah Khan. Mughals and Marathas. Sher Shah built roads to strengthen communication, mainly 4 important highways. 1527 – defeated Rana Sanga, Rajput rulers and allies at Khanua. Under Akbar, the Land revenue system was established known as Zabi / BAndobast systemThis sytem was further improved by Raja Todarmal. Sulh-i-kul: It is state policy of religious tolerance. Revision Notes for Class 9; Revision Notes for Class 8; About Us. Here are some important notes and points on Mughal Empire for your various upcoming competitive examinations. The Mughal dynasty was founded by Bābur (reigned 1526–30). Humayun then escaped to Iran for next fifteen years. He married the daughter of Raja Bharmal, thus maintining friendly relations with them. Select the desired chapter to access all the relevant notes, study material, practice papers, sample papers, questions & test solutions and videos. In 1585 the capital was shifted to Lahore to bring the North-West in control and to watch the frontier. Next Prev Home. Humayun conquered his lost empire back from Afghans. As the Mughals became powerful, several rulers voluntarily submitted to their authority. All conquerors who sought to make their way into the Indian sub-continent had to cross the Hindukush mountains. He introduced new coins called as ‘dams’ which remained in circulation til 1835. He expanded and consolidated his empire making it the largest, strongest and richest. Two most important illustrated Mughal official histories were—Akbar Nama and Badshah Nama. Fig. The forms of salutation to the ruler indicated the person’s status in the hierarchy. Persian was patronised by Mughal Emperors. 1530 – Humayun succeeds the Mughal throne. The third volume is written by wazir, because at that time Lahori became very old and was unable to write. Many Rajput rulers married their daughters into Mughal families to gain position in the Mughal courts. It left a political legacy, which the succeeding rulers of the subcontinent could not ignore. 3 Mughal army on campaign. 1648 – Shahjahanabad became the new capital of the Mughal Empire. Paper-makers required to prepare folio of manuscripts, calligrapher copied the text, gilders illuminated the pages, painter illustrated the scene from the text, bookbinders collected the individual folios and set them within ornamental covers. His original name was Zahiruddin Muhammad. Akbar and Abu’l Fazl tried to create a philosophy of light and used it to shape the image of the king and ideology of the state. Akbar also introduced the Mansabdari System, where every officer was assigned a mansab(rank). Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire with Answers Pdf free download. Mughals were the important kings of the Delhi sultanate.. Babur: (1525 – 1530) Babur became the sultan at the age of 12 after his father Sultan Umar Shaikh Mirza died. Mughal Emperors assumed many titles like Shahenshah, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, etc. Painters played an important role in the creation of Mughal manuscripts. The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes Social Science History Chapter 4 Babur (1526-1530) was the first Mughal emperor, who became the ruler of old Delhi by defeating Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526. This rank was not hereditary. After the death of Auranzeb (1707), the power of Mughal dynasty diminished. The Akbar Nama written by Abu’l Fazl is divided into three books, of which the third one is Ain-i Akbari which provided a detailed description of Akbar’s regime. Key Features of NCERT Material for Class 7 History Chapter 4 – The Mughal Empire Quick revision notes. Imperial Kitabkhana were the main centres for the creation of manuscripts. Class 7 History Notes Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire. In Chapter 3 of Class 8 NCERT book: Delhi Sultans you must have learnt about Delhi Empire. After Noor Jahan, Mughal queens and princesses began to control significant financial resources. Download CBSE Class 7 Social Science The Mughal Empire Notes in pdf, Social Science chapter notes, class notes mind maps formulas Revision Notes CBSE Class 7 Social Science - The Mughal Empire. He also built the Mosoleum at Sasaram, one of the asterpieces of indian Architecture. Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire. the Jharokha in East direction. Once the emperor sat on the throne, no one was permitted to move from his position without permission. INCOMMING TRAFFIC. The Selina History Chapter 10 The Mughal Empire Solutions Class 9 focus on answering the questions in the right way to encourage students to fetch full marks in the examination. Selina History ICSE Solutions Class 9 Chapter 10 The Mughal Empire. Dec 21, 2020 - NCERT Textbook - The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire. he is known for his strict administration. Chronicles commissioned by the Mughal emperors are an important source for studying the empire and its court. The main reference material for this post is NCERT History text for Class 7 (Our past -1). The jats and Satnamis along with Sikhs revolted during his reign. These revolts were a result of his harsh religious policy. Below, a crowd wanted to have a look of the emperor. We have Provided The Mughal Empire Class 7 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. Akbar commissioned the construction of a white marble tomb for Shaikh Salim Chisthi at Sikri. With these liberal ideas, the Mughal rulers could effectively controlled the heterogeneous population of Indian sub-continent for a century and a half. He ordered the construction f ibadat khana(House of Worship) at his capital Fatehpur Sikri. Rana Pratap was defeated by the Mughal army in 1576. (iii) The land revenue is also important for salaries of the soldiers and officials and welfare works for the commons. The Jesuit accounts are based on personal observation and shed light on the character and mind of the emperor. Answer: The author of Ain-i-Akbari is Abul Fazal. Captain William Hawkins of East India Company came to Jahangir’s court. Literary Source: Ain-i-Akbari It was written by Abul Fazi. In the 17th century, mansabdar of 1,000 Zat or above was ranked as nobles. But he died in six months after falling from stairs of his library. Find NCERT notes on Babur as a part of BYJU'S Medieval Indian History notes for UPSC 2021 preparation. This document is highly rated by … King was a divinely inspired individual who had supreme sovereignty over his people and complete control over his enemies. His ambition was to conquer Samarkand, the seat of Timur. He was the eldest son of Babur and ascended the throne in 1530. Every volume contained information of ten lunar years. Modern historians called these texts as chronicles, as they presented a continuous chronological record of events. Gun powder technology was brought to India for warfare in the 14th century. Iranian Sufi thinker Suhrawardi developed the idea that there was a hierarchy in which the Divine Light was transmitted to the king who then became the source of spiritual guidance for his subjects. His grandson, Akbar, was considered as the greatest Mughal Emperor. Europe got knowledge of India through the accounts of Jesuit missionaries, travellers, merchants and diplomats. 4 Cannons were an important addition in sixteenth-century warfare. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Chapter 10. Question 2. Who wrote Ain-i-Akbari. A list of all the chapters covered in the online study material in the course is given above. Paintings were done on the choronicles to make them attractive. Today we are providing aspirants important notes on the Mughal Empire. In sulh-i kul all religions and schools of thought had freedom of expression but they did not undermine the authority of the state or fight among themselves. From Sonargaon to Sind, From Agra to Burhampur, from Jodhpur to Chittor and from Lahore to Multan. TNPSC General Studies History free study course. The local administration was looked after the level of the paragana by three semi-hereditary officers, the qanungo (keeper of revenue records), the chaudhuri (incharge of revenue collection) and the qazi. The founder was Sher Shah. The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes Social Science History Chapter 4 CBSE Class 7 History Chapter 4 Notes Understanding The Lesson. He assumed the title of Almgir. Revision Notes for the The Mughal Empire, CBSE Class 7 SOCIAL SCIENCE, Our Pasts Ii. Sir Thomas Roe, a representative of King James I of England also came to his court seeking permission o establish trading port at Surat. Answer: Ain-i-Akbari and Akbamamah. Babur's reign was brief (1526-1530) but he laid the foundation of the Mughal Empire in India. Urdu sprang from the interaction of Persian with Hindavi. The titles like Asaf Khan, Mirza Raja were given to the nobles. In Mughal period, the nobility was recruited from diverse ethnic and religious group. In 1648, under the rule of Shah Jahan, the capital was transferred to Shahjahanabad with the Red Fort, the Jama Masjid, the Chandni Chowk and spacious homes for the nobility. It gives a historical account of the first decade of Aurangzeb’s rule. << Click here for list of important financial committes>>, << Read about Geomorphic processes here>>, Mughal Empire – History Study Material & Notes, Land Revenue System of British in India – History study Material & Notes, Economic impact of British Rule in India- History Study Material & Notes, Anglo Maratha Wars – History Study Material & Notes, Anglo Mysore Wars – History Study Material & Notes. The term ‘harem’ was used to refer to the domestic world of the Mughals. the solar and lunar. the Rajput Policy of Akbar is lauded by many historians. In Akbar’s imperial service Turani and Iranian nobles played a dominant role. To manage the vast empire and organize the army, Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system. This forms a part of the syllabus for Class 9 Social Science History of ICSE. What information does Abul […] Babur was driven from Farghana by the warring Uzbeks. The Mughal emperors and their mansabdars spent a great deal of their income on salaries and goods. Thus, the Mughal tried to ward off this potential danger, and tried to control Kabul and Qandahar. Shahjahan’s daughter Jahanara took part in many architectural planning of new capital of the empire, Shahjahanbad. It also has … His deccan policy ruined the treasury of the Mughal empire. Turkish was the mother tongue of Mughals, but it was Akbar who made Persian the leading language of Mughal court. Persian became Indianised by absorbing local idioms. Both the Rajputs and the Mughals took marriage as a way at cementing political relationships and forging alliances. Jharokha darshan was introduced by Akbar. Studyrankers is a free educational platform for cbse k-12 students. He also patronized learned men like Malik muhammad Jayasi who rote Padmavar under his reign. Zahiruddin Babur was related to Ghenghis Khan from his mother’s side. 1526 – Babur established Mughal dynasty in India. Educational Study Material. 1585 – Akbar shifted his capital from Fatehpur Sikri to Lahore. Fire arms were used for the first The Asiatic Society of Bengal founded by Sir William Jones in 1784 undertook the editing, printing and translation of many Indian manuscripts, including Akbar Nama and Badshah Nama. Babur also defeated the Afgans in battle of Gogra in Bihar. Mansabdar: All royal officers were known as mansabdars. He defeated ibrahim lodhi in the first Battle of Panipat in 1526 and established Mughal rule in India. He defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in Battle of Khanua in 1527 near Agra. For initial five years, Bairam Khan consolidated the empire for him. The administrative and military efficiency of the Mughal Empire led to great economic and commercial prosperity. The best app for CBSE students now provides Kings and Chronicles class 12 Notes History latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school based annual examinations. PDF download free. Many important works in Persian were produced in Akbar’s reign, notably by Abul Fazl, who wrote Ain-i-Akbari and Akbarnamah.Many other Mughal courtiers, during the reign of Akbar and his successors, also wrote many works, or translated many Hindu classics into Persian. Chahar taslim: A form of salutation to the emperor which is done four times. He waged wars with Rajputs expanding his empire to include Punjab, Sind, Multan, Bundelkhand. Land was measured and tax was collected to about 1/3rd ogf the produce. He defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in Battle of Khanua in 1527 near Agra. Jalaluddin Akbar (1556-1605) was the greatest of all the Mughal emperors. Persian language was made the language of administration throughout, but local languages were used for village accounts. the land revenue was fixed on the average yield of land assessed based on past ten years records. From the latter half of the 16 th century the Mughals expanded their kingdom from Agra and Delhi and until in the 17 th century they controlled nearly the entire subcontinent.. 2. These concepts are discussed at length in Chapter 4 of CBSE Class 7 History. Babur took over the Lodhi capital of Agra. The emperor personally reviewed changes in rank, titles and official postings. 1857 – The last ruler of the Mughal dynasty was overthrown by the British. the Red Fort, Jama Masjid at Delhi were built under his rule. Tajwiz: A petion presented to the emperor by a nobleman recommending an application to the post of a mansabdar. He originally formed Turki and his family belongs to Mughal.Daulat Khan Lodhi, Alam Khan, and Rana Sanga … TNPSC History Study Materials for Group 4, Group 1, Group 2, Group 2A & others. The name Mughal derives from the term ‘Mongol’. He had reintroduced Jaziya and pilgrim tax. It mainly focuses of the empire of Akbar. Jahangir’s rule was full of rebellions. The wealthier peasantry and artisanal groups, the … Babur wrote his memoirs in Tuzuk-i-Baburi in Turki language, describing the flora and fauna of India. Mughal chronicles were written by mostly Mughal courtiers, who mainly focused on the events related to the rulers, their family, the court and wars and the administration. Gulbadan Begum wrote Humayun Nama. The Mughal Empire 1. First he established himself at Kabul and then in 1526 came to Indian sub-continent. Still the Mughal empire continued till the 1857 revolt. Question 3. Babur’s successor, Nasiruddin Humayun (1530-40, 1555-56) expanded the frontiers of the empire, but lost it to the Afghan leader Sher Shah Sur. Later Mughals were not very powerful or influential. He faced revolts in Bundelkhand after usurping the throne after his fathers daeath. MCQ Questions for Class 7 History: Ch 4 The Mughal Empire. Whenever a courtier met with the emperor, he had to offer nazr (a small amount of money) or peshkash (a large amount of money). The Safavid kings and the Mughal Emperors patronised the finest artists like Bihzad, Mir Sayyid Ali, Abdus Samad, etc. 1589 – Babur Nama was translated in Persian and Abu’l Fazl wrote the Akbar Nama. Abu’l Fazl described painting as a ‘magical art’, but the production of painting was largely criticised by the Ulama, as it was prohibited by the Quran as well as by the ‘hadis’. The Mir Bakshi supervised the corps of court writers who recorded all applications and documents of courts. Revision Notes Class 7 Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire Babur (1526-1530) was the first Mughal emperor, who became the ruler of old Delhi by defeating Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526. He promoted art and culture during his reign. It is divided into five books/sections. 1556 – After the second battle of Panipat Akbar succeeds to the throne. Court histories of the Mughals were written in Persian language in the 10th /17th centuries came from different parts of the subcontinents and they are now the Indian languages. Class 12 History Notes Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts Chronicles of the Mughal Emperor provides us valuable informations about the institution of Mughal state. Akbar had three fairly able successors Jahangir (1605-27), Shah Jahan (1628-58) and Aurangzeb (1658-1707). Nov 20, 2020 - Notes : The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 7. According to the emperor it began his day at sunrise with a few religious prayer and then used to appear in a small balcony, i.e. The land was divided into 4 categories: Polaj(every year cultivation), Parauti(cultivated once in 2 years), Chachar(once in 3-4 years), and Banjar( once in 5-6 years). PDF download free. Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire. The authors of Mughal chronicles were invariably courtiers. Chronicles: It is a continuous chronological record of events. Hadis described life event of prophet Muhammad which restricted the deception of living beings as they regarded it as function of God. In this article on Medieval India, we cover the Mughal Dynasty. The Mughals were descendants of the Turkish ruler Timur on the paternal side. His original name was Zahiruddin Muhammad. CBSE class 12 History Kings and Chronicles class 12 Notes History in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. The keeping of exact and detailed rewards was a major concern of the Mughal administration. Name any two sources to reconstruct the Age of the Mughals. Muhammad Husayn of Kashmir was one of the finest calligraphers at Akbar’s court who was honoured with the title ‘Zarrin Kalam’ (Golden pen). In chapter 4: You must have learn about the Mughal Empire.  He built Purana Qila in Delhi. Chronicles of the Mughal Emperor provides us valuable informations about the institution of Mughal state. The Mughal kings celebrated three major festivals in a year i.e. These texts clearly depicted the policies of Mughal Empire which they sought to impose on their domain. The Mughal household consisted of the emperor’s wives and concubines, his near and distant relatives (mother, step-and foster-mothers, sisters, daughters, daughters-in-law, aunts, children, etc) and female servants and slaves. Babur used them effectively in the first battle of Panipat. (ii) The Mughal empire was very large and therefore for running the administration and maintaining law and order, a huge amount of finance is needed which comes from the revenue. The capital cities of the Mughals frequently shifted during the 16th and 17th centuries. It gives us a glimpse into the domestic world of Mughals. His name was Salim. In ICSE Class 9, History is one of the challenging subjects of all as it includes all chapters. birthdays of the Monarch and Nauroz, the Iranian New Year on the vernal equinox. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE QUESTION ANSWERS, cbse social science CLASS 7 THE MUGHAL EMPIRE QUESTION ANSWERS, Ncert CLASS 7 social science THE MUGHAL EMPIRE QUESTION ANSWERS notes, ncert CLASS 7 social science THE MUGHAL EMPIRE QUESTION ANSWERS solutions, ncert CLASS 7 subjects, ncert CLASS … MCQ Questions for Class 7 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. These points might come quite handy for Prelims and Mains. He was a Chagatai Turkic prince and was descended from the Turkic conqueror Timur (Tamerlane) on his father’s side and Genghis Khan, on his mother’s side. In first ten years to his rule, he lead many military campaigns. 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After Auragzeb, the Mughal empire began to decline rapidly. i.e. Sources Literary Monuments 2 3. The Badshah Nama was written by Abul Hamid Lahori about the reign of Shahjahan. Under Bahadur Shah II, the mughal empire came to a formal end. ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics – The Mughal Empire ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions EXERCISES Question 1. Some important officials were Mir Bakshi (paymaster general), Diwan-i ala (Finance minister) and sadr-us-sudur (minister of grants and incharge of appointing local judges or qazis), etc. Akbar Nama has three volumes. scriptorium. Its first two volumes were written by Lahori, which were later on revised by Wazir Sadullah Khan. 1528 – defeated the Rajputs at Chanderi; The division of functions established at the centre was replicated in the provinces (subas). In 1570, Akbar decided to build a new capital, Fatehpur Sikri. Let’s look at the Mughal Empire in detail. Many Rajput rulers married their daughters into Mughal families to gain position in the Mughal courts. 1. Akbar designed mansab system which established spiritual relationships with a select band of his nobility by treating them as his disciples. NCERT Solutions for Class 7.  Mughal Empire (1526 A.D.-1857 A.D.) Babur- His actual name was Zahiruddin Mohammed, son of Omar Sheikh Mirza, the king of Ferghana in Afghanistan. Get The Mughal Empire, History and Civics Chapter Notes, Questions & Answers, Video Lessons, Practice Test and more for CBSE Class 10 at TopperLearning. All books in Mughal India were handwritten manuscripts and were kept in Kitabkhana . NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Download Babur notes PDF for the IAS Exam. the Afghans marched on delhi soon after he assumed throne under Hemu. These books talk about servants of emperor, administration, judicial departments, Hindu philosophies, sayings of Akbar etc. The Mughal artists, from the 17th century onwards began to portray emperor wearing the haloto symbolise the light of God. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Fig. They appointed court historians to write on accounts of their achievements. Increasingly, Akbar moved away from the orthodox Islamic ways of understanding religions towards a self-conceived eclectic form of divine worship focused on light and sun. He fought two battles against Sher Shah, the afgan leader at Chausa and Kannauj, where he was completely defeated. Jizya: A tax imposed on non-muslims in lieu of military service. In Mughal Court, status was determined by spatial proximity to the king. After Sher Shah, his successors ruled till Humayun invaded in 1555. Akbar’s favourite calligraphy style was the nastaliq, a fluid style with long horizontal strokes. Mughal history is known through literary and archaeological sources. He then assumed the title of ‘Ghazi’. In 1527 A.D., Babur defeated rana sanga in the battle of Kanwa. Grand titles were adopted by the Mughal emperors at the time of coronation or after a victory. He was related to Timur from his father’s side and Chengiz Khan to his mother’s side. He was granted permission after initial resistance. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE OUR PASTS – II 48 Table 1 mughal emperors Major campaigns and events 1526 – defeated Ibrahim Lodi and his Afghan supporters at Panipat. Divine theory of kingship: The king was believed as the representative of god, acquired his powers from him and therefore had to be obeyed. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE NOTES. Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire. According to Abu’l Fazl, the Mughal emperor had the responsibility to protect the Jan, Mai, names and din of his subject. Months after falling from stairs of his nobility by treating them as his.... 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